Roadside doctors with no degrees thrive in India




<div data-recalc-dims=Chaman Lal treats this man, who has injured his ankle. Lal says his potion of 18 herbs is a cure-all.

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Sitting on an iron bench along a busy street, Chaman Lal sticks his fingers into a mug full of a greasy concoction and then applies the dark-red brew to areas where his patients complain of pain.

The period of her cooperation, from 1961 to 1969, included the Cuban Missile Crisis, which changed the way the Cold War was being waged. To resolve the crisis, the Soviet Union agreed to dismantle the missiles it had placed in Cuba in exchange for assurances that the United States would not invade Cuba. In 1964, Castro decided to leave Cuba for good, becoming an exile in Miami. She worked with anti-Castro exile groups there, and continued to cooperate with the CIA, according to the book. The relationship ended when U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union changed during Richard Nixon’s presidency. As tensions eased with the Soviet Union, the United States would no longer back anti-Castro exiles, two CIA agents told her. When they asked her to use her influence to downplay rhetoric of a communist threat, she quit. The Cuban government had no immediate response to the publication of the book, Jorge Bolanos, chief of the Cuban Interest Section in Washington, told CNN en Espaol on Monday. “I haven’t received any reaction from the Cuban government,” he said. “I am not in the position to comment about a book which I have not read yet.” CNN’s Mariano Castillo and Carol Cratty contributed to this report.

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