Obama: Afghanistan, Pakistan, U.S. working to defeat extremists

Afghan President Hamid Karzai, in Washington Wednesday, pledged to work with the United States to stabilize his country.
President Obama said Wednesday that the leaders of Afghanistan, Pakistan and the United States are meeting "as three sovereign nations joined by a common goal: to disrupt, dismantle and defeat" al Qaeda and the Taliban.

To do so, Obama said, the three nations have to deny extremists space to operate and bring a better life to the people of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Obama delivered the remarks with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari at the White House. Karzai and Zardari are in Washington for two days of talks with the United States. Obama said the security of the three countries is linked, and that al Qaeda and its allies are responsible for killing innocent civilians and challenging the democratically elected governments in the nations. The United States has made a “lasting commitment [that it] will not waiver” in efforts to defeat extremists and support the Afghan and Pakistani governments, he said. Earlier Wednesday, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton opened the talks by saying the United States, Pakistan and Afghanistan face a “common enemy” in extremism and urging the leaders of the southern Asia countries to work together to defeat it. “We have made this a common cause because we face a common threat, and we have a common task and a common challenge,” Clinton said. “We know that each of your countries is struggling with the extremists who would destabilize and undermine democracy.”

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The talks are being attended by the foreign, defense, intelligence and agriculture ministers from Afghanistan and Pakistan and a number of heavyweights from the Obama administration, including U.S. envoy Richard Holbrooke, Gen. David Petraeus, CIA director Leon Panetta, FBI director Robert Mueller and Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack. Watch Clinton say U.S., Afghanistan, Pakistan face a common threat » The meetings are a continuation of a trilateral process started by Clinton in February, when she invited the foreign ministers of both countries to discuss Obama’s strategy for stabilizing the region. In addition to sending 21,000 more troops and trainers to Afghanistan, Obama has committed to a surge in U.S. civilian personnel and aid to boost domestic support for both leaders, both considered weak and unpopular back home. By inviting the leaders to meet with Obama, the administration hopes to enlist them as full partners working with the United States in a regional alliance to combat terrorism. Clinton said the talks would address “concrete initiatives” on improving security, boosting economic development and trade and increasing opportunities for both populations. Clinton said she “deeply regretted” the killing of Afghan civilians during fighting on Tuesday in western Afghanistan and pledged to both leaders the United States “will work very hard with your governments and with your leaders to avoid the loss of innocent civilian lives.” U.S. probing Afghan civilians’ deaths Karzai thanked her for her comment and said he hopes the two countries can work together to avoid civilian casualties “as we move ahead in our war on terrorism.” The talks come amid growing U.S. frustration with the lack of progress by both countries in fighting extremists. In particular, the Obama administration has voiced increased concern about recent Taliban and al Qaeda gains across much of southern Afghanistan and in Pakistan. The U.S. military has carried out airstrikes against militant targets in Pakistan, after Zardari’s government was criticized for not cracking down on militants along the Afghan border. The unmanned drone attacks have rankled relations between Pakistan and Washington. Pakistan’s government recently signed a deal that would allow Islamic law, or sharia, in the Swat Valley, in exchange for an end to fighting. The government began a military offensive after Taliban militants moved into the Buner district and refused to disarm, in violation of the agreement. See map of region » Last week, Obama said Pakistan’s government appears to be “very fragile” and argued that the United States has “huge national security interests in making sure that Pakistan is stable” and doesn’t end up a “nuclear-armed militant state.” The United States has also accused Karzai’s government of being ineffective and corrupt. Karzai further angered the United States this week when he named Mohammad Qasim Fahim, a powerful warlord accused of violating human rights, as his vice presidential running mate, despite warnings from Clinton that Fahim would be a polarizing choice. “We are not perfect,” Clinton told the leaders. “No human being is. We will make mistakes, but we need to have the kind of open dialogue where we express our concerns about those mistakes.” Zardari and Karzai pledged to work together with the United States to combat extremists and stabilize their two countries. “While we will need high levels of support in days to come, we will also be far more transparent in our actions,” Zardari told the group. “Here, me, my friend, President Karzai, and the United States assure the world, that we will stand shoulder-to-shoulder with the world to fight this cancer and this threat.” Pakistani democracy, he added, will defeat terrorism and “avenge the death” of his wife, former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, who was killed in late 2007. Clinton called Bhutto an “extraordinary leader” and acknowledged the couple’s son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, who attended the talks. He is the chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party and heir apparent to the Bhutto dynasty. Calling the United States his country’s “most valued” strategic ally, Karzai said, “I’m certain, through the implementation of the strategy outlined earlier by President Obama, will bring us the needed relief toward better, more peaceful life in both of our countries.” He promised Afghanistan will work hard to “do the right thing” to build confidence and trust with Pakistan to “wage a more effective struggle against the menace of terrorism and the violence that radicalism causes both in Pakistan and in Afghanistan and the danger that they pose to you in America and the rest of the world.”

The two leaders signed a trade and transit agreement aimed at increasing commerce and foreign investment in the two countries and will also be visiting key congressional leaders and policymakers about U.S. efforts to boost both countries’ economies. A bill called the Enhanced Partnership with Pakistan Act of 2009, introduced by Sens. John Kerry, D-Massachusetts, and Dick Lugar, R-Indiana, would authorize $7.5 billion in nonmilitary aid to Pakistan over the next five years to foster economic growth and development, and another $7.5 billion for the following five years.