The moment that changed the course of Josef Fritzl’s trial was the
unexpected arrival in court of his victim. Having initially pleaded not
guilty to some of the charges in the case arising from his 24-year
incarceration and repeated rape of his daughter in a squalid dungeon beneath
his home, Fritzl reportedly broke down and wept when Elisabeth Fritzl, now
42, took the
stand to testify against him. On Wednesday, he changed his plea to guilty on
all counts, and on Thursday was sentenced to life imprisonment in a a
Fritzl had initially pleaded only partially guilty to the rape charges,
claiming that his daughter did not resist his sexual advances. During the
pretrial hearings, he even suggested she might have been “confused” while
giving her pretrial testimony. Fritzl had also pleaded not guilty to the
murder charge, disputed his daughter’s accusations that he had been present
during the birth of their child Michael in 1996 and had chosen not to take
the infant to the hospital despite being aware of the severe breathing
problems that led to the newborn’s death three days later.
But according to Fritzl’s lawyer, Rudolf Mayer, all of that changed when
Elisabeth decided to come to the courtroom to confront her tormentor,
who is also the father of her six surviving children aged five to 19. At the
sight of his daughter, flanked by two hospital staff, sitting in
front of him in the empty gallery of the courtroom, Fritzl “burst into
tears,” according to Mayer. The following day, he changed his plea to guilty
on all counts. “I regret what I have done from the bottom of my heart,” he
told the court. “I cannot make things better for my family, but I can try to
limit the damage.”
The rapid four-day trial, most of which took place behind closed doors, left
many in Austria unsatisfied. Many commentators have suggested that Fritzl’s
punishment confinement in an Alpine psychiatric unit, where he’ll
receive intensive therapy and have access to a gym, sports facilities and
courses in everything from foreign languages to cooking did not fit his
crime. “In theory, he could ask for his sentence to be reviewed and if the
therapy proves successful he could be out in 15 years,” a court spokesman
said. But the spokesman rejected criticism of the court’s decision, saying
that the Austrian justice system aims at “bringing the offenders back within
the norms of society” rather than simply enforcing a punishment.
Fritzl himself appears to have accepted the sentence, waiving his right of
appeal. Visibly relieved, he walked out of the courtroom without burying his
face behind a blue binder, as had done on the first three
days of the trial.
Although legal experts and commentators will continue to debate the
sincerity of Fritzl’s sudden change of heart some insists it was part
of an elaborate courtroom strategy the Austrian authorities are
hoping that one of the most embarrassing affairs of the country’s recent
history has come to a close. Sitting behind a golden crucifix and two
candles standard appointments of every courtroom in the Catholic
country Judge Andrea Hummer made an unprompted
effort to emphasize that it was Josef Fritzl sitting in the
dock, rather than his country.
“This is not a crime of a region or of a whole nation,” she said to the
surprise of some international observers. But many questions remain mostly posed by the foreign press over how Fritzl’s crimes had remained
undetected despite what would seem to be obvious alarm bells.
Although chief police investigator Franz Polzer described Fritzl as a
“nearly genius” villain who carefully concealed his
thoroughly planned crimes, Fritzl was, in fact, a known sex offender who
had been arrested at least four times for sex offenses , and had served a prison term for
rape. Austria’s social services had failed to properly investigate when
Elisabeth, at age 16, ran away from home to escape her father’s sexual abuse, which had started five years earlier. In 1984, when his daughter disappeared , police did not question Fritzl’s
improbable story that she had joined a cult. And the courts later allowed
him to adopt three of the seven children he fathered with his daughter,
after he explained that they had been left by his runaway daughter on his
front doorstep. Those three children were brought upstairs to live with
Fritzl, and his wife, Rosemarie, 69, in the house.
Rosemarie Fritz was not called as a witness in the trial, or even questioned as a possible accomplice, because, the chief investigator said, “no wife would be able to accept such a thing if she had any knowledge about it”.
As things stand, there will be no official inquiries into any failings by
the various authorities that might have spared Elisabeth Fritzl much of her
ordeal. As reporters were preparing to leave the final press conference
about the case, a court spokesman asked them “cherish pleasant memories of
The Crimes of Josef Fritzl: Uncovering the Truth, by Stefanie
Marsh and Bojan Pancevski, will be published following the trial by Penguin
in the USA and HarperCollins in the U.K.
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